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动词+to have/having been done 是什么用法?
比如:He claimed to have been badly treated in the supermarket when he was doing shopping yesterday.
这种用法还能在哪些动词上体现呢?求创新,复制别人的回答不采纳~

2018-11-24 10:11:56热度:作者:admin来源:网络收集

你很细心,这是学好语言很重要的素质.
动词+to do sth结构很了解吧,这是动词的不定式,"动词+ to have done"也是不定式,只不过是表示动作发生于过去并且是主动的; 而动词+ to have been done则是表被动.动词的这种用法非常普遍.现以你的例子作解释,
这个句子虽然长是一个简单句,He(主语)claimed (谓语动词)+不定式(作宾语)
句意:他控诉昨天在超市购物时受到的恶劣对待.句中的He受到恶劣对待发生于过去,并且是被动的,放到不定式中就是to have been badly treated in the supermarket when he was doing shopping yesterday(这长的不定式作claim的宾语).希望可以帮到你..
了. 为什么不用claim to be badly treated?
你这样问说明你已明白为什么用被动语态,替你高兴。因为句中有明显的时间状语yesterday,这表示动作发生在过去故用claim to have been done. 还有什么问题,能帮到你的我会尽力的。

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